In a woman’s menstrual cycle, several eggs begin to mature but usually only one becomes fully matured. Its possible to donate this one egg, but however to increase the chances of egg donation, clinics will prefer to give donors drugs in order to mature more eggs. Egg development is monitored by ultrasound.
What is Egg Donation?
Eggs are borrowed from a young woman, with her consent provided she is less than 35 years of age she is referred to as the donor. The eggs are then fertilized with the sperms of recepients’ and the embryo is then inserted into the womb of the recipient. This has a high success rate that varies from 30% to 40%. This technique is being used on women who have reached the age of 50-55 years of age. Presently (date of website launch – 2014) the oldest woman to have conceived using this method was 69 years old and living in Italy.
Who can Qualify for Egg Donation?
Usually women after the age of 40 tend to have fewer eggs in their ovaries and the eggs they produce maybe of poor quality. Since women are now more career oriented, therefore they marry late and plan pregnancies late and often favor this option.
Egg donation can also be performed on women who have had multiple cycles of IVF or ICSI and have still failed to conceive. Egg donation can be done in younger women whose ovaries have prematurely failed or in young women that have undergone radiation or chemotherapy for cancer. Radiation or chemotherapy destroys the eggs and women have a failure of their ovaries. Egg donation is also used in patients who are carrying major chromosomal defects, this is to ensure that the genetic defect is not passed onto their children, and for women suffering from severe TB and endometriosis.
How we screen our donors?
We make sure that the eggs are donated from healthy women who are less than 35 years and are not suffering from any illness or genetic disorder. Donors are screened for HIV/ AIDS, hepatitis B&C etc. We take great care in recording their family history to rule out any genetic problems or health issues. We select our donors very carefully.
How is the procedure done?
We, at Aarti Fertility & Gynae Centre will carefully co-ordinate the cycles of the donor and recipient to accomplish a fresh embryo transfer. Synchronization is essential both for the donor and the recipient by using a series of medications for the embryo transfer. The donor is given injections to produce many eggs and when these eggs are ripe the donor will be given a short anesthesia and the eggs will be removed from inside her vagina. The donor is free to go home 3-4 hours after the procedure. Once these eggs are collected, they are then fertilized with the husband’s sperms in the laboratory and kept in the incubator for at least 2 days. After 2 days the four-celled embryo is formed. After 3 days an eight-celled embryo is formed and five days later multi-celled Blastocyst is formed. The embryo is then transferred into the women’s womb either at four to eight celled stage or at the Blastocyst stage.
The term sperm donation is used where a donation is done by a man, known as a sperm donor. The semen is used with the intention that it will achieve a pregnancy and produce a baby in a woman. There are several reasons why sperm donation is used, as in some men sperm motility is very low and chances of conceiving are very low. In some cases this is an ideal solution for men who cannot produce sperms due to various conditions/reasons (Azoospermia). Donor sperms may be used for insemination (IUI) or used for IVF/ICSI treatments for various reasons. This is also a favorable option for single women or same sex lesbian couples. The other reasons for using sperm donation is for men who have serious genetic conditions and want to avoid passing them on to their offspring.
What we look for in a donor?
We select only the young, healthy men between the age of 21-45 years old and who are fit and healthy. They are thoroughly screened for any physical, mental health and any family history of diseases. They are also fully screened for medical problems like HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B & etc.