Aarti Fertility & Gynae Centre is known for providing the best IVF Treatment in Jalandhar. We have many options for people who wish to begin their own family. IVF means In Vitro Fertilization which is the concept of lab conception. The IVF treatment involves fertilization of the egg with the sperm in a petri dish. The process begins prior to the menstrual cycle. Though there are many options, IVF is the most popular option for the treatment of infertility. For the success of the IVF treatment process, many tests have to be conducted pre and post the IVF process.
What a Fertility Specialist derives from the Blood Tests?
A blood test is done usually to check the hormone level in the blood of the patient. A fertility specialist can identify the ideal method and timing to begin the treatment of fertility, the fertility drugs, and medicines to be prescribed and the perfect method or option of treatment for the patient, just by measuring the hormone level.
The blood tests are conducted before the start of the IVF process and also at the completion of the IVF treatment process to check if the patient has conceived. In order to ensure a positive outcome during the IVF, many other tests might be required. Other tests may be performed as well to help ensure optimal outcomes during the IVF.
Many of the blood tests mentioned below are done in an IVF procedure. This will help you understand more about the IVF procedure and the requirement of the fertility specialist to enhance the outcome of the IVF process.
Tests for a Female:
- The Basic Ultrasound Scan
In a Basic Ultrasound scan the below-mentioned organs are checked:
Uterus: The most important structure that needs to be checked and assessed is the uterus as this structure provides the shelter required for the growth of the baby. The thickness, as well as the appearance of the inner wall of the uterus, is checked. Any problem issues in the uterus are checked and analyzed such as fibroids, polyp, adenomyosis, adhesions, etc. so that they can be treated as required. Also, only the big fibroids in the uterus or those which touch the cavity will have to be removed by way of a key-hole surgery, which is conducted only if required. Most of the patients with fibroids do not require surgery.
Ovaries: Ovaries are the next vital organ which has to be checked in the scan. Normally, there are two ovaries. The location of the ovaries, their size, the number of eggs in the ovaries, as well as any problem areas like cysts or endometriosis, etc. must be ruled out. If there are no eggs in the ovaries, the specialist suggests the couple to go ahead with donor egg programme. Many people assume that the egg is changed without being mentioned to the couple, however, this is a criminal offense and DNA testing can be done to confirm the origin of the baby. The choice of the IVF centre, as well as the doctor, is vital in such a case as highly qualified people are quite sensitive to this issue and always obtain the consent of the couple before taking any step.
In some situations, cysts like a follicular cyst or hemorrhagic cyst are seen, however, surgery is avoided for such cysts, as they tend to disappear on their own. However, they are constantly monitored and assessed. However, when it comes to endometriosis, it is a problematic issue as the disease slowly eats away the ovary and the patient must consult with the doctor for the best step to be taken to solve the problem. In case the number of eggs is less, they directly go in for IVF process. However, if the number of eggs is quite good, a surgery is conducted, and natural conception is awaited, the failure of which will lead to the planning of an IVF.
Many times the patient is unable to understand that they must go in for an IVF early and not waste time in case natural conception appears to be difficult due to adhesions in the tubes which leads to abnormal functioning.
Fallopian Tubes: Usually, the fallopian tubes do not appear in the scan. Only if there is a collection of fluid in the tubes, they will be visible during the scan. A cause of concern and a serious issue is the dilatation of tubes which is also called hydrosalpinx. It refers to a condition of blockage of the fallopian tubes and they get filled with serous or a clear fluid near the ovary. The blocked tubes become the cause of infertility.
- Blood tests to be done
(I) CBC Test which gives a count of cells in the blood
(II) Blood sugar test in order to rule out diabetes
(III) Viral Markers Test to rule out Hepatitis B or C
(IV) HIV Test
(V) The test for syphilis
(VI) Basic Tests to check the functioning of the liver and kidney
(VII) Thyroid Test
(VIII) AMH Test – Anti Mullerian Hormone Test which is done in certain cases where there might be a doubt of a low number of eggs in the ovaries
(IX) FSH, LH and Prolactin tests
(X) The PAP smear which is done only if the cervix is abnormal.
Tests for a Male:
(I) Semen Analysis test
(II) Viral Markers Test
(III) Ultrasound which might be needed in order to rule out varicocele or check the testicular volume and also locate any signs of obstruction
(IV) Hormonal analysis test like FSH, testosterone, prolactin, and thyroid might be needed.
(V) Karyotyping is required for cases there is a doubt of genetic defect
(VI) Y microdeletions test in order to check for genetic transmission (this is optional)
(VII) FNAC – Fine needle aspiration cytology Test, in case of obstructive azoospermia, which is done to check if the sperms are being formed in testes and if they are, they have to be extracted to perform ICSI
Learn More About the IVF Treatment:
For more details about the IVF process and many other infertility treatment options in Jalandhar, you could get in touch with the team of fertility specialists at our IVF Treatment Process Center.